Dating the volcanic eruption at thera
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A volcanic eruption on the island of Thera thousands of years ago contributed to the collapse of the Minoan civilization and was a turning point in the history of Western civilization.
This record is retained in the form of so-called rings in the wood for hundreds, even thousands of years.
The reliability of radiocarbon dating has been questioned in recent years, cores taken from glaciers have gaps, and only dendrochronology can provide clear and indisputable dating expressed in calendar years.
Thera didn't just blow a massive hole into the island of Santorini – it set the entire ancient Mediterranean onto a different course, like a train that switched tracks to head off in a brand new direction.
Studies of ash deposits on the ocean floor have revealed, however, that when the volcano did blow, it did so with a force dwarfing anything humans had ever seen or have seen since.
There are no first-person accounts of what happened that day, but scientists can compare it to the detailed records available from the famous eruption of Krakatoa, Indonesia, in 1883.
The main goal of the scientists is the precise dating of the volcanic eruption on the island of Thera, now known as Santorini.
The eruption of the volcano in the Aegean Sea not only destroyed the island, but also caused a giant tsunami, the height of which could have reached several tens of meters.